Software refers to computer programs and related data that provide the instructions for telling a computer what to do and how to do it. Software can be thought of as the virtual components of a computer, as opposed to the physical hardware components. There are many different types of software, including:
System software: This type of software controls the basic functions of a computer and provides a platform for other software to run on. Examples include operating systems (OS) like Windows, macOS, and Linux.
Application software: This type of software performs specific tasks and is designed for end-users. Examples include office suites like Microsoft Office, web browsers like Google Chrome, and media players like iTunes.
Mobile apps: These are software applications designed to run on smartphones and tablet devices.
Utility software: This type of software performs routine, often complex, maintenance tasks on a computer. Examples include antivirus programs, disk cleaners, and backup software.
Software is constantly evolving, and new software is being developed all the time to meet the changing needs of users and technology. Software can be purchased, or it can be made available for free under an open-source license.